Is There A Link Between PMS and Depression?

Hot Health
By Hot Health January 23, 2017 15:08
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Is There A Link Between PMS and Depression?

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PMS and its relation to Depression

Most woman experiences a ‘hectic’ phase one or two weeks before starting their period. Most know that it’s the Premenstrual Syndrome that causing the multiple waves of mixed emotions, random acne breakouts, tiredness, physical discomfort, irritability and ultra-tender breasts for no reason. There are over 150 different symptoms of PMS. It puts your body through some form of physical or mental anguish and while most people, including women themselves, believe that they can just get over PMS, it has the potential to develop into something more severe.

PMS Depression or Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder as it is called in medical terms is a serious diagnosis of PMS which, as opposed to the usual symptoms, affects the brain of a woman. These symptoms often interfere with the sexual, occupational and social functions.

 

How is Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder diagnosed?

Diagnosing PMDD can be tricky as it becomes hard to distinguish severe depression from anxiety and mood swings that occur in common PMS. For a correct diagnosis, it is very important a woman is free of symptoms cycle during the follicular phase. The features of PMDD resemble most of the characteristics of depression. In approximately 30% to 75% of the cases of PMDD, women were witnessed to have a history of depression. This result stood in contrast with 15% of women who had not developed PMDD despite suffering from depression. However, it is equally possible for women who develop PMDD to not have any history of depression whatsoever.

 

What are some common symptoms of PMDD?

According to the American Psychiatric Association, there are 11 potential symptoms of PMDD which usually begin to occur in a woman one week prior to the anticipated first day of bleeding.

  • Constantly feeling ‘on the edge’ of everything accompanied by anxiety and tension.
  • Recurring feelings of hopelessness and self-loathing.
  • Difficulty in concentrating and staying focused.
  • Experiencing lethargy, fatigue or energy-drained.
  • Developing insomnia or hypersomnia.
  • Noticeable changes in appetite such as binge eating or starving oneself.
  • Feelings of withdrawal from social relationships.
  • Subjective feelings of being under duress or not within control.
  • Persistent feelings of anger, irritability and amplified conflicts in work and personal life.
  • Uncontrollable tears and major mood swings.
  • Body/Physical symptoms such as headaches, swelling or tenderness in breasts, bloating sensations, weight gain and muscle or joint pain.

How does treatment in PMDD help?

The goal of a PMDD treatment is to lessen the symptoms and increase the occupational function of the patient. A major cure for reducing the symptoms of PMDD includes change in lifestyle such as increased exercise and reduced sodium intake.

 

What treatment(s) have been proposed for PMDD?

The first line pharmacological treatment proposed for severe PMDD is seritoninergic antidepressants. A number of home remedies have also been proposed with backed up studies but the lack of approval from FDA renders them unreliable. A significant relief from depression symptoms is also witnessed by the induction of amenorrhea and anovulation. It is recommended that these inductions may only be pursued after consultation with your physician as their side effect may cause a woman to experience menopausal symptoms such as fatigue, flashes and vaginal dryness.

Hot Health
By Hot Health January 23, 2017 15:08
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