What Is pH Balance and How Does It Affect the Skin

Hot Health
By Hot Health August 27, 2016 22:52
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What Is pH Balance and How Does It Affect the Skin

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What is pH Balance?

pH is expanded as power of hydrogen. pH is a measure of the hydrogen ion concentration in the body. The pH scale ranges from 1 to14. When the pH is 7, it is considered to be neutral and hence balanced. When it is less than 7, it is considered acidic, and when higher than 7, it is considered alkaline.


The pH Balance and the Skin

The skin of newborn babies has a perfect pH balance – with a pH of 7. But this doesn’t remain so for too long. As the baby gets older, first into a toddler, then as a child, a teen and finally into a fully grown adult, the pH turns acidic.

This is for a good reason – the skin has a fine film on it that is acidic, which protects the skin against bacteria, viruses and infections. It acts as the body’s very first line of defense. For this reason, young children have a higher acidic content than adults, as it is nature’s way of making sure that they are well protected.

 As we get older, the protection is no longer quite as strong as the pH becomes less acidic. An adult’s skin will have a pH level of 4 to 6.5. This is the ideal pH level and it is essential for a healthy skin. As we cross a certain age, the skin does not remain as fresh and strong any more, as it no longer remains acidic.

The skin starts becoming more and more alkaline, which makes it vulnerable to bacterial infection.  Generally, once the skin reaches a pH level of 6, that is when various skin diseases begin to appear. The skin’s health is badly affected once the natural pH balance is disrupted.


pH Balance and Acne

The skin’s pH level can be thrown off course by hormonal imbalances as well. Any change in the hormones can cause an imbalance in the skin pH. In fact, this is how acnes erupt on the skin.

The skin has a bacteria called as P.acnes. This bacteria is generally found in a much larger number in people who show visible signs of acne. Any imbalance in the skin’s natural pH levels leads to a breakout of the P.acne bacteria. 

When the skin turns more alkaline because of the hormonal changes that are typically seen in teens, this creates an encouraging environment for the growth of the P.acnes bacteria. Acnes are only a natural consequence of this outcome.


Maintaining the Right pH Balance

There are a number of skin care products in the market that serves a common purpose – maintaining the natural pH balance of the skin. However, there are many products we use on a daily basis, such as bathing soaps, for example, have a pH level that ranges from 9 to 11, which is alkaline.

That’s why it is important to use soaps that are less alkaline and more acidic. Using a cleanser or a toner immediately after bath to wash the face restores the pH balance of the skin after bathing.

Another activity that upsets the pH balance is washing the hands repeatedly throughout the day, or bathing too many times. Every time we take a bath, the pH balance turns a bit alkaline and it usually takes the body 14 hours to bring it back to the natural acidic state.

So, it is recommended that you shouldn’t take more than two baths a day, as every time the skin turns more alkaline, it becomes vulnerable to bacterial attack, or susceptible to breakouts such as rashes or acne.

Hot Health
By Hot Health August 27, 2016 22:52
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