Do You Suffer from Any of These Types of Acne?

Hot Health
By Hot Health October 16, 2016 17:33

Do You Suffer from Any of These Types of Acne?

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Most of the time when we think or talk about acne, we mean the uninvited pimples popping up on our faces. Well, can we really blame ourselves for using these terms interchangeably? I think it is pardonable if we are not in the medical field.

In this article, I want to shed more light on the medical meaning of acne and pimples.

In the medical field, both acne and pimples are referred to as lesions. A scientific explanation has not be given to how we get acne. However, science has been able to tell us the process through which acne is formed. We have oil glands that produce oil for our hair follicles. It is when our hair follicles or pores get clogged with excess of oil that acne occurs. The hair follicles becomes enlarged once it is clogged. An inflammation occurs after this through the interaction of bacteria on the skin and dead cells which gorges the pore. The resultant effect of this, is the eruption we see on our faces which we commonly refer to as pimples.

We have different types of acne lesions. Some of these lesions are mild while others are severe.

The Different Types of Acne and Their Characteristics:

Comendo: There are basically two types of comendo, namely closed and opened. The closed comendos are usually referred to as whiteheads while the opened comendos are referred to as blackheads.

Blackheads, which derives its name from the black colored top, are pores of hair ducts filled with oil from the sebaceous glands called sebum. The sebum gets blackened once it oxidizes. The sebum becomes hardened because the pores of the hair ducts are blocked partially with bacteria and dead cells. 

Unlike blackheads which gets partially blocked with bacteria and dead cells, whiteheads are completely blocked with sebum. The sebum, which is unable to drain out, is trapped with bacteria. With the aid of enzymes, the sebum is further broken down into a free fatty acid which causes redness, irritation, swelling and pus in the pore.

Whiteheads erupts on their own and when they do, a low grade inflammatory reaction occurs. Though this does not happen all the time, the same also applies when people do not wait for the whiteheads to erupt on their own by popping them open themselves. Once this is done, the pore gets inflamed and infected.

Papules: what makes papules distinct from whiteheads is that papules do not have pus and head. Papules are red bumps formed when there is a break in the follicle wall. This breakage serves as an avenue for bacteria and cellular debris to enter the dermis. When this occurs, the opening is filled with bacteria and cellular debris and this make the follicle irritated. Once irritation occurs, it is no longer referred to as papule. It is now referred to as pustule.

Pustule: as discussed above, pustule occurs when the papule becomes irritated and infected. The body soldiers known as the white blood cells, invade the pore because of the bacteria and cell debris. The resultant effect of this reaction is the pustule. Pustules have either a white or yellow center with a reddish bump. The center is filed with pus which is formed from the combination of oil, cellular debris and bacteria which are trapped in the pore. This is what a typical acne pimple looks like.

Nodule: this is one of the severe types of acne which occurs when there is an inflammation and swelling deep down in the dermis. The dermis, which is the skins second layer, becomes infected when a follicle that leaks debris ruptures. Nodules requires serious medical attention because they cause pain and can last for months if proper medical attention is not sought. It is therefore advised that this type of lesion be treated by a dermatologist.

Finally, cysts are severe types of lesions and they are always filled with pus. This is what differentiate them from nodules, though they are similar in other ways. The pus is harmless and not prone to infections. The bad thing about cysts is that they are large inflamed lesions which are very painful. If prompt medical attention is not sought, cysts can find their way through the dermis to the epidermis. This will surely cause severe damages and scarring. It is also advised that people suffering from this type of acne should be under the supervision of a dermatologist.

In addition to the different types of acne described above, acne can also be further categorized into two types namely inflamed and non-inflamed. Non inflamed acne are primarily made up of blackheads and whiteheads. At times, red breakouts, papules and pustules are also categorized as non-inflamed acne. Inflamed acne on the other hand are not be to taken lightly. They are the severe cases of acne and they include nodules and cysts.

Hot Health
By Hot Health October 16, 2016 17:33
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